1694-1778 Voltaire Candide begins in the German town of Westphalia, where Candide, a young man, lives in the castle of Baron of Thunder-ten-tronckh. A noted philosopher, Doctor Pangloss, tutors the baron on philosophical optimism, the idea that "all is for the best . . . in this best of all worlds." Candide, a simple man, first accepts this philosophy, but as he experiences the horrors of war, poverty, the maliciousness of man, and the hypocrisy of the church, he begins to doubt the voracity of Pangloss's theory. Thus, philosophical optimism is the focus of Votaire's satire; anti-war and anti-church refrains also run throughout the novel.
1694-1778 Voltaire The Dictionnaire philosophique (Philosophical Dictionary) is an encyclopedic dictionary published by Voltaire in 1764. The alphabetically arranged articles often criticize the Roman Catholic Church and other institutions. It represents the culmination of his views on Christianity, God, morality and other subjects.
1694-1778 Voltaire This book discusses English religious sects, politics, scientists and writers with great admiration, yet the clever Voltaire also flattered his French readers with humorous references to the old-fashioned clothes and speech of the Quakers and to antics in the House of Commons. At first banned in France, this intriguing and often comic account of a culture viewed through foreign eyes was to prove highly influential in shaping French attitudes to England.
1694-1778 Voltaire ANITUS: My dear confidants, my dear agents, you know how much money I made you during the last festival of Ceres. I’m getting married and I hope you will do your duty on this grand occasion.
1694-1778 Voltaire Zadig, ou La Destinée, ("Zadig, or The Book of Fate") (1747) is a famous novel written by the French Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire. It tells the story of Zadig, a philosopher in ancient Babylonia. The author does not attempt any historical accuracy, and some of the problems Zadig faces are thinly disguised references to social and political problems of Voltaire's own day. The book is philosophical in nature, and presents human life as in the hands of a destiny beyond human control. It is a story of religious and metaphysical orthodoxy, both of which Voltaire challenges with his presentation of the moral revolution taking place in Zadig himself. Voltaire's skillful use of the literary devices of contradiction and juxtaposition are shown in beautiful form in this prose. Behind Candide, it is considered one of his most celebrated works.
1694-1778 Voltaire From the French Dictionnaire Philosophique, translated by William F. Fleming. The Philosophical Dictionary is not a sustained work, but a compilation of articles contributed to Diderot's Encyclopédie. The quality of the articles bear witness to the great genius and intellect of François-Marie Arouet, more known as Voltaire
1694-1778 Voltaire Es una estracto del libro "Entre los genios que á los imperios del mundo presiden, ocupa Ituriel uno de los primeros puestos, y tiene á su cargo el departamento de la alta Asia. Baxó una mañana á la mansion del Escita Babuco, á orillas del Oxô, y le dixo así: Babuco, los Persas han incurrido en nuestro enojo por sus excesos y sus desvaríos, y ayer se celebró una junta de genios de la alta Asia para decidir si habian de castigar ó destruir á Persepolis".
1694-1778 Voltaire This book is author’s principal essay in philosophy, though not a sustained work. The miscellaneous articles he contributed to Diderot’s Encyclopédie which compose this Dictionary embody a mass of scholarly research, criticism, and speculation, lit up with pungent sallies at the formal and tyrannous ecclesiasticism of the period and the bases of belief on which it stood. These short studies reflect every phase of author’s sparkling genius. Though some of the views enunciated in them are now universally held, and others have become obsolete through extended knowledge, they were startlingly new when author, at peril of freedom and reputation, spread them before the people of all civilized nations, who read them still with their first charm of style and substance.
1694-1778 Voltaire En esta obra, Voltaire cuenta la historia de Zadig, un hombre maltratado por la injusticia en un mundo de fantasía oriental. Zadig, es buena persona, además inteligente y educado, honroso y bondadoso, sin embargo en su destino existe un montón de experiencias que comienzan con algo bueno que hace él, la tergiversación de los hechos convirtiendo esto en pecado o delito, un castigo y por fin su liberación.
1694-1778 Voltaire Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary, first published in 1764, is a series of short, radical essays - alphabetically arranged - that form a brilliant and bitter analysis of the social and religious conventions that then dominated eighteenth-century French thought. One of the masterpieces of the Enlightenment, this enormously influential work of sardonic wit - more a collection of essays arranged alphabetically, than a conventional dictionary - considers such diverse subjects as Abraham and Atheism, Faith and Freedom of Thought, Miracles and Moses. Repeatedly condemned by civil and religious authorities, Voltaire's work argues passionately for the cause of reason and justice, and criticizes Christian theology and contemporary attitudes towards war and society - and claims, as he regards the world around him: 'common sense is not so common'.
1694-1778 Voltaire From the French Dictionnaire Philosophique, translated by William F. Fleming. The Philosophical Dictionary is not a sustained work, but a compilation of articles contributed to Diderot's Encyclopédie. The quality of the articles bear witness to the great genius and intellect of François-Marie Arouet, more known as Voltaire.
1694-1778 Voltaire Zadig ou la Destinée est un roman mais aussi un conte philosophique de Voltaire, publié pour la première fois en1747 sous le nom de Memnon. Allongé de quelques chapitres, il fut publié une nouvelle fois en 1748 sous son titre actuel. D’après Longchamp, secrétaire de Voltaire, c’est au cours des soirées mondaines données à Sceaux, chez laduchesse du Maine, que l’idée d’écrire des contes inspire à Voltaire ce petit roman, qualifié aussi de conte philosophique, qui connaît plusieurs éditions à partir de 1747.